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Wax

Silikone Negative

The Bronze

About the Material


Each bronze horse is cast in the traditional wax melt out method, which is also called the method of the lost-wax casting (cire perdue). Since prehistoric times metal has been cast after this method and this method is still in use today.

In order to cast the bronze with the lost-wax method, several (production) steps are necessary:

First, a mold is made of the original sculpture. Most molds of small sculptures are made from plaster, but can also be made of fiberglass or other materials such as caoutchouc or a similar elastic material. Once the plaster-and-latex mold is finished, molten wax is poured into it and swished around until an even coating covers the inner surface of the mold. This is repeated until the desired thickness is reached. After that, the hollow wax copy of the sculpture is removed from the mold. Then, a sprue will be created in order to provide the molten bronze to run into the mold.

But before the bronze is poured into the mold, the mold will have to be hardened with a so-called “ceramic shell”.

Once this ceramic shell has been created, the mold is placed in a kiln or oven. The wax melts and runs out, what is left will be the ceramic shell. Finally, the molten bronze can be carefully poured into the shell and need to cool off afterwards. At last, the shell is hammered off, releasing the rough bronze. Now, the artist can work the rough bronze into the final bronze sculpture.

This complex method makes each sculpture such a unique piece of art. The difficult work on the rough bronze with its many different ways of patination is just one part of the recoverability and lastingness of the sculptures.

Bronze sculptures thus combine individual customer requests with antique techniques, valuable materials with gifted handiwork, and experience with beauty.